Government Military Space Documents
Missile Defense Agency Environmental Information Page
This page has links to the full text of a number of Missile Defense Agency environmental documents. Most important of these is the September 2004 Missile Defense Agency, Ballistic Missile Defense System Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS). Volume Two of this PEIS provides useful summaries of missile defense programs and the way they fit together, from the Israel-U.S. Arrow anti-missile programs to Navy sea-based interceptors to advanced technologies in the early phases of research.The Next Generation of U.S. Strategic Missiles: Land Based Strategic Deterrent Documents
These documents, no longer available on the Hill Air Force Base web site, describe the kinds of concepts that the United States is considering for new intercontinental ballistic missiles. The government is soliciting concepts for ballistic missiles armed with a variety of conventional and nuclear warheads. The concepts under consideration would, if developed, have greater accuracy and maneuverability than current missiles and reentry vehicles. The goals of the program are to develop new conventional weapons with diverse capabilities and global reach and to assure that the U.S. retains “US qualitative superiority in nuclear warfighting capabilities in the 2020-2040 time frame.”
For an analysis of these and other U.S. missile programs, see Missiles of Empire: America's 21st Century Global Legions Andrew Lichterman, WSLF information Bulletin, Fall 2003 (pdf)Land Based Strategic Deterrence Analysis of Alternatives Documents
These documents originally were available to the public at the Hill Air Force Base web site.Air Force Space Command, Final Mission Need Statement, Land Based Strategic Nuclear Deterrent AFSPC 001-00, January, 2002,
original url http://www.hill.af.mil/icbm/lm4/Documents/LBSND%20MNS.pdf
This key program document describes the types of capabilities the U.S. hopes to develop in some detail.Air Force Space Command, “Measures of Effectiveness and Measures of Performance” (MOE’s and MOP’s) accompanying “Request for Information/initial Delivery Vehicle Concept Call for the next generation Land Based Strategic Deterrent (LBSD) Analysis of Alternatives (AoA),” September 8, 2003 (unpaginated),
original url http://www.hill.af.mil/icbm/lm4/Documents/MOEsand%20MOPs.pdf
Informative concerning how the military calculates damage expectancy for nuclear and other strategic weapons, and provides additional information about the types of capabilities the military plans to explore in its research and development program for both conventional and nuclear-armed strategic missiles.Air Force Space Command, “Request for Information/initial Delivery Vehicle Concept Call for the next generation Land Based Strategic Deterrent (LBSD) Analysis of Alternatives (AoA),” September 8, 2003 , originial url http://www.hill.af.mil/icbm/lm4/Documents/PCODelvehcRFI.pdf
Provides a summary overview of the program.Technology & Alternatives Working Group “Concepts to Alternatives” document (2003)
This document provides further details on the alternatives the military hopes to explore for nuclear and conventional strategic weapons. It describes which technologies are being considered only for conventional payloads and which for nuclear weapons, while acknowledging that some, if not all, of the new concepts for radically new capabilities under consideration for conventional currently being considered only for conventional weapons also could be used to deliver nuclear weapons, e.g.:For more on the Common Aero Vehicle, a gliding maneuverable reentry vehicle intended to carry a wide variety of payloads from sensors to many of the kinds of weapons that currently are only deliverable via aircraft at ranges equaling and eventually exceeding current intercontinental ballistic missiles, see“The Common Aero Vehicle (CAV) is currently a specific conventional-only delivery vehicle with high lift-over-drag characteristics.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, FALCON (Force Application and Launch from CONUS), Broad Agency Announcement, PHASE I Proposer Information Pamphlet (PIP) for BAA Solicitation 03-35 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency July 29, 2003.
The FALCON program also will explore a variety of launch and hypersonic flight technologies that could lead to new expendable or reusable space launch vehicles with a variety of military applications."A Common Aero Vehicle (CAV) Model, Description, and Employment Guide," 27 January 2003, Terry H Phillips, Schafer Corporation, For AFRL and AFSPC
"In 1998, AFSPC had put together an MSP acquisition initiative for the Fiscal Year (FY) 2000 Program Objective Memorandum (POM). This initiative contained initial funding for the entire MSP system, including CAV. MSP had congressional interest, and steady congressional adds had been provided to the MSP Technology Office over the years. In 1998, the President exercised his new line item veto for the first time. One of the programs he line item vetoed was MSP. Weapons in space were a contentious issue with that administration and MSP (and by extension CAV) received a black eye. The actual MSP RLV was renamed Space Operations Vehicle (SOV) at the direction of the AFSPC Commander, and the MSP POM initiative died a quiet death. When the Supreme Court overturned the line item veto on constitutional grounds, Congress dictated the returned money could be used for either Space Maneuver Vehicle (SMV) or CAV. When the money arrived at the MSP Technology Office, it came with instructions from the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) that the money was to be spent only on SMV, not CAV. For the next 2-3 years, any public mention of CAV or other space weapons was not allowed, and work performed on CAV was done quietly and out of the limelight."Common Aero Vehicle (CAV) on Orbit Terry Phillips and Bob O'Leary Schafer Corporation 6 September 2003
Military Space Plane Documents
These documents are Powerpoint presentations and read-ahead materials from the NASA-Air Force 120 day study on reuseable space launch. Some of the Powerpoint presentations are very large files.
The Military Space Plane: Providing Transformational and Responsive Global Precision Striking Power: A White Paper on the Operational Utility of a Military Spaceplane in the Emerging 21st Century International Security Environment (draft), Proposed by members of ONE TEAM in Conjunction With the 120 Day Reusable Launch Vehicle Study, January 2002Air Force Space Command Strategic Master Plan for FY 06 and Beyond
Air Force Space Command, Strategic Master Plan FY04 and Beyond November 2002
Air Force Space Command, Strategic Master Plan for FY02 and Beyond February 2000
These plans are more recent and less well known than the U.S. Space Command Long Range Plan. Described as Air Force Space Command's "capstone planning document," the Strategic Master Plan sets out in detail the Air Force wish list for military systems operating in, from, and through space. The FY02 and Beyond document, no longer available for the original source, has been archived on this site. It provides more detail on many programs than the FY04 and FY )^ and Beyond plans.U.S. Space Command, Long Range Plan: Implementing USSPACECOM Vision for 2020
U.S. Space Command's overview of an ambitious plan for U.S. military space programs in the 21st century, including concepts for anti-satellite warfare and for attack of terrestrial targets from space. Archived at the Federation of American Scientists web site.Report of the Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization
This influential report, written by a panel which included current Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, supports the U.S. Space Command vision for the intensive militarization of space.Department of Defense, Space Technology Guide, FY2000-2001
This document provides and overview of current efforts across the government from the Department of Defense to NASA and the Department of Energy to develop technologies which will be useful for military space programs. This document is especially useful for tracking the overlaps between different types of weapons programs and concommitant areas of basic and applied research. The appendices provide good charts and summaries of activities by agency.Office of the Under Secretary of Defense For Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, Defense Science Board Task Force on High Energy Laser Weapon Systems Applications Report, June 2001. pdf download
Overview and evaluation of U.S. military laser programs, including the Space-Based Laser.FY 2000 Air Force Science and Technology Plan
Useful overview of Air Force technology development plans.Department of Defense Science and Technology Strategy and Plans (2000)
These documents, obtained via the Freedom of Information Act, provide an overview of Department of Defense science and technology activities. Once available to the public, these documents now are available only within the government and to military contractors. WSLF obtained the most recent version through a Freedom of Information Act Request. The entire set can be found here.
The sections most relevant to the continuing militarization of space are listed below (all Acrobat pdf files):
Joint Warfighting Science and Technology PlanU.S. Air Force Materiel Command, Directorate of Science and Technology, FY98 Space and Missiles Technology Area Plan (pdf download)
"The Space Force Projection Enterprise provides focus and direction to technology investments that address the application of force from and through space to points in space, in the air and on the ground. The scope of this Enterprise is wide and includes leading technology initiatives in areas such as the Military Space Plane, Space Based Lasers and ballistic missile systems. Though current treaty implications limit the actual fielding of weapons in space, low end capabilities providing entry levels of graduated deterrence are needed now. The technology base required to meet future space weapon needs must be developed and matured today if it is to be available for future warfighter needs." (at p. ii.)National Security Space Road Map
A set of interlinked program documents called the National Security Space Road Map used to be available to the public on the Web, but access now is restricted to the military and defense contractors. It has extensive information on military space programs, ranging from surveillance and communications satellites to technology development for new weapons systems operating through or from space. Western States Legal Foundation obtained the Space Road Map through the Freedom of Information Act. The information in the version received was collected by the compilers of the Roadmap during 1997 and 1998. This version is similar to the version available on the Federation of American Scientists web site, but contains additional interactive graphics which make it somewhat more understandable and easier to navigate.Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Reports
A Space Roadmap for the 21st Century Aerospace Force (1998) pdf downloadSpace-based Weapons Bibliography compiled by Reference Librarians, Air University Library, Maxwell AFB, AL
References to both internet available and print materials on the space-based laser and related military space programs.The Space-Based Laser Integrated Flight Experiment: Global Missile Defense in the Boost Phase
From the Space Based Laser-Integrated Flight Experiment Home Page, a short, clear explanation of the space based laser program, its role in missile defense and its other possible missions. This paper also provides a summary of U.S. ballistic missile defense programs, including both national and theater missile defense, and how they fit together. (pdf file)Space Weapons Earth Wars (pdf download)
RAND corporation overview of the possible role of space-based weapons.A good collection of general Air Force Science and Technology planning documents can be found on the Air Force S&T Planning Review Library page. For links directly to those documents that are available to the public, click here.