(U) Launch Support Facilities encompass ground support integral to space launch programs. Launch facilities are Vandenberg Air Force Base (AFB), California (Western Range), and Cape Canaveral Air Station (AS), Florida (Eastern Range). They are the primary U.S. spaceports for all launches of sensitive national security, high-priority DoD, civil and commercial satellite and
(U) Launch support facilities include the Satellite Control Network (SCN), comprising the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN), the Navy Satellite Operations Center (NAVSOC), and the Air Force Space Test Center and Range Consolidated Facilities, and the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA)/Kwajalein Missile Range (KMR), the DoD national range and test facility. The AFSCN monitors and provides telemetry, tracking, and command (TT&C) for operational DoD satellites, and tracks all major U.S. launches through early orbital flight. USAKA/KMR supports the application and transition of maturing technologies to operations by testing advanced mission concept, space systems and subsystems.
(U) USAKA/KMR also support the U.S. Army space mission, NASA Space transportation system operations and experiments, and DoD and commercial satellite launches. Additionally, USAKA/KMR supports the U.S. Space Command by conducting space-object identification and providing orbital information on new foreign launches. With the only radar (ALTAIR) in the Space Surveillance Network with an equatorial location, ALTAIR provides data on more than 42,000 tracks per year.
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(U) 21 November 1997
(U) Road Map Production Date: 18 June 2001